Middle Childhood and Adolescence

Middle childhood and adolescence are the life stages for excitement and exploration. In this period, a person gets freedom and maturity, and works hard to make his/ her identity as an individual human being. Some people choose to separate from their family to start a new life as an adult. Different changes in intensity of peer relationships guide adolescents to discover their personal qualities. When a teenager becomes an adult, then he/ she starts to grow his/ her self-consciousness and self-centeredness. In this period of time, a teenager can have immense peer pressure. They usually face social pressure, including sexuality, experimentation with drugs and other harmful substances, changing different perspective of relationships, etc. The guidance of familial alliances and strong social network help them to moderate stress.

Effect of Functional and Dysfunctional Family Dynamics

When a teenager becomes an adult, he/ she starts to search for independence from a family, seniors or relatives. Teenagers often argue with their parents or seniors about their daily decisions, such as the way they want to dress-up and some specific conversation styles. Also, they argue with their parents about beliefs and ethics. Some of them avoid family activities and decide to spend more time with peers than family. In this period, if parents give more pressures to their children, then they can show their rebellious behavior.

However, most of the time, teenagers’ behavior depends on their family structure and dynamics. Some parents decide to communicate with their children as they do with friends during their middle childhood to adolescence turning period. Such behavior of parents creates a friendly environment for their children. Friendly environments help teenagers share their problems with their parents and elders.

Moreover, peer pressure is the common challenge that teenagers face in their day-to-day lives. Some teenagers want to be the part of a group, which can cause adjacent behaviors and changing physical appearance. Intense pressure takes place when some teenagers compromise their religious beliefs and family values in order to get some new opportunities. Such situations may create clashes with parents and relatives.

Positive and Negative Impacts of Peers and Changes in Peer Relations

Positive and negative peer pressures may highly impact teenagers’ behaviors. If a teenager chooses an intelligent group of friends, who have high ethical values and positive religious beliefs, then he/ she can improve his/ her lifestyle by following positive values of life. But, if he/ she joins a wicked group of friends, then negative peer pressures may lead to the alcohol consumption in early age, which can cause addiction or self destruction issues.

A new peer relationship creates a social connection between teenagers and various social groups. It provides a positive climate for moral and social growth as well as develop peer interaction. Teenagers peer interactions help them to establish social support and friendship. However, some peers may provoke rebellious mentality, and they may start to perform antisocial activities, such as opposing college rules, using foul languages, supporting violence, using drugs, etc. 

Moreover, middle childhood creates remarkable changes in the perspective of friendship. In fact, relationships, which are established during middle childhood, may last for a whole life. Most of the time, mature peer relationships depend on understanding of the nature of friendship. Thus, acceptance of friendship is an important part of middle childhood to adolescence development.

Additional Pressures Faced in Adolescence

Peer Pressure

Teenagers develop intense relationship with their peers during adolescence. Positive and negative aspects of peer pressure influence a person on adolescent. Positive peer pressure encourages adolescents to improve or develop their lifestyle, whereas negative peer pressure can cause harm to individuals.

Drug Use and Abuse

Peer pressure can lead to experimental use of drugs. Some teenagers use various harmful drugs to maintain status among their friends, and with time it becomes an addiction. As a result, they start to believe that drugs help them to get relief from pain, stress and other problems.

Dating and Sexuality

Sexual impulses are the strongest during teenage years. These impulses cause change in behavior towards opposite sex. Some teenagers begin to explore sexuality and start to live a new life as a couple. Peer support helps teenagers to balance their emotions when they experience positive and negative effects of romance. Negative emotions of sexual life may provoke the feelings of depression, sadness, rejection and anger in a teenager.

Moral Values from Middle Childhood into Adolescence

Moral life values include learning the difference between right and wrong, which helps to make right life decisions. Middle childhood moral development is not genetic, but it occurs in several stages. The development of morality of a teenager is based on environment, childhood experiences, social and emotional developments, etc. A teenager can develop initial positive or negative moral values from their families and relatives. Moral values teach a teenager to have a set of beliefs, follow ethical values, respect seniors, etc. However, in middle childhood, some teenagers follow negative aspects of life by not following moral values, which can cause self destruction, depression, stress, etc. Thus, it is important to have proper social guidance and positive peer pressure to a teenager in order to develop his/ her moral values.

From above discussion, it is important to mention that teenagers learn positive and negative aspects of life during middle childhood. Peer pressure takes an important role in a child’s changing behaviors. Positive peer pressure can help a teenager to develop his/ her lifestyle, whereas negative peer pressure can cause depression, addiction, stress, mental disorder, etc. So, parents and relatives should support a teenager to develop his/ her life by understanding personal values and problems.

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  • Peer support helps teenagers to balance their emotions when they experience positive and negative effects of romance. Negative emotions of sexual life may provoke feelings of depression, sadness, rejection and anger in a teenager. From the above discussion, it is important to mention that teenagers learn positive and negative aspects of life during middle childhood. Peer pressure takes an important role in a child’s changing behaviors. Positive peer pressure can help a teenager to develop his/ her lifestyle